AWS Tutorials Python

How to List and Print the Content of a S3 Bucket in AWS using Python

In this AWS Tutorial, You will learn different ways to print and list the contents of a S3 Bucket in Python using boto3 client.

In Amazon S3, there’s a concept of a key path that can be used to mimic the folder structure just like in file structure. Keys are unique object identifiers that help in recognizng the location of some file in S3 bucket.

We can use slashes to create a folder like hierarchical structure.

Print Folders(Prefixes) in S3 Bucket

To print folders/prefixes in S3 bucket we can use boto3 client and Python. Try checking if you’ve boto3 client installed in your Amazon SDK by

import boto3

If you don’t have boto3 installed then install it by typing below code.

pip install boto3

Once you have installed boto3 on your Amazon sdk use below code to print the folders in your s3 bucket

import boto3

def list_folders_in_bucket(bucket_name):
    # Create a Boto3 client for S3
    s3_client = boto3.client('s3')

    # Use the list_objects_v2 method to get the list of objects in the bucket
    response = s3_client.list_objects_v2(Bucket=bucket_name, Delimiter='/')

    # Check if the bucket has prefixes (folders)
    if 'CommonPrefixes' in response:
        # Loop through the prefixes and print their names (folder names)
        for folder in response['CommonPrefixes']:
        print("Bucket is empty or contains no folders.")

if __name__ == "__main__":
    # Replace 'your-bucket-name' with the actual name of your S3 bucket
    bucket_name = 'your-bucket-name'

Print All files in a S3 Folder(prefix)

To print all files in a folder, First of all we need to create a boto3 client for s3 and then create a method to get the list of objects in a folder and check if the folder has objects or not. Then we loop through all the objects in the folder and print their keys that means print their file names. Below is the implementation of above logic to print all files in s3 folder.

import boto3

def list_files_in_folder(bucket_name, folder_name):
    # Create a Boto3 client for S3
    s3_client = boto3.client('s3')

    response = s3_client.list_objects_v2(Bucket=bucket_name, Prefix=folder_name)

    if 'Contents' in response:
        for obj in response['Contents']:
        print("Folder is empty.")

if __name__ == "__main__":
    # Replace 'your-bucket-name' with the actual name of your S3 bucket
    # Replace 'Hiring_model2/' with the folder path you want to list
    bucket_name = 'your-bucket-name'
    folder_name = 'Hiring_model2/'
    list_files_in_folder(bucket_name, folder_name)

In the above codes, you can replace ‘your_bucket_name’ with the name of your S3 bucket and ensure that you provide the correct folder path in folder_name. Otherwise code will print the wrong filenames in the wrong folder.

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